Boston Mayor, Marty Walsh, recently proposed a citywide ordinance that will, if adopted by City Council, subject short-term rentals – such as those advertised through the popular home-sharing website, Airbnb – to regulations and reporting requirements.
The proposed ordinance requires that all short-term-rentals register with the city and pay an annual fee based on a tiered rental classification system. The classification system additionally dictates how many days per year various properties may be rented and the maximum number of guests per night. The ordinance also imposes a room occupancy excise tax on all short-term rentals. Short-term-rentals that are noncompliant with city codes will be ineligible for registration. Further, beyond requiring individual owner/host compliance, the ordinance also places reporting requirements on the booking companies themselves.
Specifically, the ordinance classifies three types of short-term rental units:
- Limited Share Units
- Home Share Units; and
- Investor Units
Limited Share Units are rentals that are the host’s primary residence such that the host is present through the duration of the short-term rental. Limited Share Units may be offered for short-term rent 365 days of the year and will be subject to an annual $25.00 registration fee.
Home Share Units are also rentals that are the host’s primary residence that may be offered for short-term rent 365 days of the year. The host, however, need not be present through the duration of the short-term rentals, so long as the number of days booked for rental when the host is not present does not exceed 90 (consecutive or nonconsecutive) per year. Home Share Units will be subject to an annual $100.00 registration fee.
Investor Units are rentals that are not the host’s primary residence. Investor Units may be offered for short-term rental for up to 90 days (consecutive or nonconsecutive) per year and will be subject to an annual $500.00 registration fee.
Boston residents who participate in the short-term-rental economy are well advised to understand, and keep an eye on, proposed changes in housing law as regulations begin to promulgate in response to a growing industry.