Mayor Walsh’s administration recently proposed a new bill aimed at limiting the available reasons to evict a residential tenant. The proposal, known as the “Jim Brooks Community Stabilization Act,” would eliminate no-fault evictions in many instances, a common practice used to remove tenants without listing a violation. Proponents of the act claim that it is designed to protect renters from “arbitrary” or unreasonable evictions, without unfairly restricting the landlord. Opponents cite concerns that it would deter further development and hinder private property rights.
Under current law, landlords may evict tenants for a specific reason, or for no reason at all, depending on the type of rental agreement. For tenancies with an ongoing, written agreement, landlords may give notice to evict for nonpayment of rent or for a specific reason, including violation of a provision of the lease. For tenants who are at-will, meaning those who do not have a written lease for a specific term, landlords may give notice to evict for failure to pay rent or for no reason.
Should the proposed Act pass, the new law would severely restrict the “no-fault eviction,” and limit evictions to instances where the tenant has not paid rent, created a nuisance, used the unit for an illegal purpose, violated the lease agreement, refused to extend or renew the lease, refused to permit the landlord to make necessary repairs, or offered subtenants not approved by the landlord. Exceptions to these restrictions have been offered, but are narrow in scope, applying to sober homes, college housing, or buildings owed by a Massachusetts resident who has six or less residential units. For larger scale, commercial landlords, they would be stuck with a tenant until a material issue arises.
Moreover, if passed, the Act would prevent landlords from clearing an entire building for the purpose of selling, renovating, or converting the use of the building. Under the new law, landlords would have to renovate a building or unit while the tenants continue to reside in their unit or force the landlord to provide alternative housing to the tenant while construction is ongoing.
If you are a landlord renting residential units in Boston, make sure you continue to monitor the Jim Brooks Community Stabilization Act. If it becomes law, your ability to remove tenants from a unit may become dramatically restricted. Should you have questions about evicting a residential tenant, you should contact a Boston property management attorney.